Momwe mungadziwire kuuma kwa madzi kunyumba

Momwe mungadziwire kuuma kwa madzi kunyumba

Kuuma kwa madzi akumwa kumatchedwa kulimba. Chikalata choyambira pakukulitsa Maupangiri a WHO pazakumwa-madzi Ubwino / madzi a WHO okhala ndi mchere wambiri wamchere, makamaka calcium ndi magnesium. Mchere umalowa mosavuta ndipo umapanga plaque.

Kumanga kumeneku kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuti zida zapakhomo, monga zotsukira mbale kapena makina ochapira, zigwire ntchito ndipo zimatha kusweka. Ndipo chifukwa cha izo, mabafa oyera-chipale chofewa ndi zozama zimasanduka zachikasu, ndipo pamwamba pa chrome-yokutidwa ndi osakaniza amakutidwa ndi madontho oyipa.

Njira yodalirika yodziwira kuti madzi olimba akuyenda bwanji kuchokera pampopi wanu ndikutumiza chitsanzo cha chubu chamadzimadzi kuti chiyezedwe mu labotale. Mutha kudziwa maadiresi a ma laboratories muntchito yotumizira anthu kugawo lanu la Vodokanal.

Koma kuuma kwa madzi kumatsimikiziridwa paokha. Nazi njira zinayi zachangu komanso zosavuta zochitira.

1. Yesani mizere yoyesera

Zomwe zimafunika

  • Mizere yoyesera kuti mudziwe kuuma kwa madzi. Mutha kuzigula m'masitolo ogulitsa ziweto komanso ogulitsa zida zamagetsi. Kapenanso, mizere yodziwira acid-base level (pH) yamadzimadzi.
  • Cup.

Zoyenera kuchita

Thirani madzi omwe mukufuna kuyeza kuuma kwake mu galasi. Sunse pepala mayeso Mzere ndi reagent mabwalo pa izo mu madzi.

Mafelemu: @ Just Sidorov / YouTube

Chotsani mzerewo ndikudikirira pafupifupi miniti (nthawi yeniyeni ikuwonetsedwa mu malangizo). Mothandizidwa ndi mchere wamchere, zochita za mankhwala zimayamba ndipo mtundu wa mabwalo oyesera udzasintha.

Chithunzi: @ Just Sidorov / YouTube

Kuti mudziwe kuuma kwa madzi, yerekezerani mtundu wa mawindo owonetsera ndi chitsanzo mu malangizo.

Ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito zingwe za pH, kumbukirani lamulo lalikulu: madzi akamalimba, amakhala amchere kwambiri, ndiye kuti, ndipamwamba pH mtengo. Monga lamulo, madzi ofewa amakhala ndi pH yochepera 7, madzi olimba pamwamba pa pH Miyezo mu Madzi Omwa / ATS Environmental 8.5.

2. Gulani mita ya mchere

Chida ichi chili ndi maelekitirodi awiri omwe amayenera kumizidwa m'madzi. Ma elekitirodi amapanga otaya ma elekitironi ndi kulemba madutsidwe magetsi a madzi, amene amagwirizana kwambiri ndi kuchuluka kwa magnesium ndi kashiamu mchere.

Chithunzi: @Sergey MW / YouTube

Zomwe zimafunika

  • Saline mita.
  • Galasi kapena chidebe china chilichonse.

Zoyenera kuchita

Thirani madzi, kuuma kwake komwe mukufuna kuyeza, mu galasi, ndikutsitsa maelekitirodi a mita yamchere mmenemo.

Chipangizocho chidzasintha madulidwe amagetsi amadzimadzi kukhala mayunitsi a kuuma kwamadzi ovomerezeka m'dziko linalake, ndikuwonetsa zotsatira pazenera.

Ku Russian Federation, gawo la kuyeza ndizomwe zimatchedwa digiri ya kuuma (° F), yomwenso ndi 1 mg-eq / l. Mamita amchere ovomerezeka ku Russian Federation amagwira ntchito mwanjira iyi.

Kuuma kwa madzi kumaonedwa kuti ndi kovuta. Madzi ofewa. Madzi ovuta. Kutembenuka kwa mayunitsi (madigiri) a kuuma kwa madzi. Miyezo ya kuuma kwa madzi. Matebulo a madzi kuuma mfundo. Kufewetsa madzi. Momwe mungachotsere kuuma kwamadzi / Buku la Engineering. Matebulo DPVA.ru madzi ndi chizindikiro choposa 10 ° J. Mtengo woyambira 2 mpaka 10 ° W umafanana ndi madzi olimba apakati.

3. Gwiritsani ntchito sopo wochapira

Njirayi imachokera ku chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zamadzi olimba: Kuuma M'madzi-Madzi ndi osauka. Zolemba zakumbuyo zopangira Maupangiri a WHO pazabwino zamadzi akumwa / WHO lathers amapangidwa. Padzafunika kuyesa pang'ono kwa chemistry.

Zomwe zimafunika

  • Sopo wakuchapira.
  • Grater.
  • Masikelo akukhitchini amagetsi.
  • Supuni ya tiyi.
  • Madzi osungunuka. Mukhoza kugula m'masitolo a hardware kapena malo opangira mafuta.
  • Tumbler.
  • Wolamulira.
  • Galasi yoyezera ndi mphamvu ya 1 lita kapena lita imodzi.

Zoyenera kuchita

Pewani sopo wochapira pang'ono pa grater ndikuyesa ndendende 1 g pamiyeso.

Chithunzi: @Sergey MW / YouTube

Ikani sopo mu galasi ndikuwonjezera supuni 3-4 za madzi otenthedwa osungunuka. Pang'onopang'ono, kuti musapange chithovu chochuluka, yambitsani mpaka kusungunuka kwathunthu.

Kenako, pogwiritsa ntchito wolamulira, onjezani madzi osungunuka mpaka kutalika (mamilimita) ofanana ndi kuchuluka kwamafuta acid mu sopo. Mwachitsanzo, ngati mutatenga sopo wokhazikika wolembedwa 72%, kutalika kwa madzi mu galasi kuyenera kukhala 72 mm. Kumbukirani kuti poto ya galasi imakhalanso ndi makulidwe ena, choncho yesani mzere wa madzi kuchokera pansi, osati kuchokera pa tebulo pamwamba.

Zithunzi: @Sergey MW / YouTube

Sakanizani sopo pang'onopang'ono kachiwiri. Chotsani thovu mofatsa ngati lapangika. Tsopano pali sopo wochuluka mu centimita iliyonse ya mzati wamadzi kuti amange mchere wonse wa kuuma mu 1 lita imodzi ya madzi osungunuka, ngati ndende yawo ndi 1 ° dH (Germany digiri ya kuuma).

Thirani malita 0,5 a madzi apampopi ozizira mu kapu yoyezera kapena mtsuko. Thirani sopo mumtsuko mu kamtsinje kakang'ono ndikugwedezani pang'onopang'ono mpaka mutawona kuti pamwamba pamadzimadzi pali thovu loyera lokhazikika. Maonekedwe ake amatanthauza kuti sopo wamanga kwathunthu kuuma mchere.

Zithunzi: @Sergey MW / YouTube

Yezerani kutalika kwa yankho la sopo lotsala mugalasi ndikuchotsa patali loyambirira. Chifukwa chake mumapeza kuti ndi ma centimita angati a yankho adatsanuliridwa mu chidebe choyezera.

Aliyense centimita wa anatsanulira njira womangidwa kuchuluka kwa kuuma mchere lolingana 2 ° dH mu theka la lita imodzi ya madzi apampopi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngati, mwachitsanzo, 6 masentimita yankho amayenera kutsanulidwa kuti apange thovu, kuuma kwa madzi apampopi ndi 12 ° dH.

Kuti musinthe madigiri aku Germany kukhala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ku Russian Federation, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito chowerengera chapaintaneti Kuuma kwamadzi / Mosvodokanal patsamba la Mosvodokanal. 12 ° dH = 4.3 ° F, yomwe imafanana ndi madzi olimba apakati.

4. Gwiritsani ntchito galasi

Njirayi idzakuthandizani kulingalira momwe madzi akuthamangira pampopi. Koma sizipereka tanthauzo lenileni.

Zomwe zimafunika

  • galasi.
  • Pipette.
  • Madzi owiritsa kapena owiritsa.

Zoyenera kuchita

Pogwiritsa ntchito pipette, ikani dontho la madzi osungunuka ndi apampopi pa galasi lopingasa. Dikirani kuti madziwo asungunuke. Kenako yang'anani madontho awiriwo ndi matope otsala pagalasi.

Kuchuluka kwa matope kuchokera kumadzi apampopi, kumasiyana kwambiri ndi madzi osungunula osawoneka bwino, m'pamenenso kuuma kwake kumakwera.