Momwe Mungakhalire Wolemba: Malangizo 50 ochokera kwa Odziwika Odziwika

Momwe Mungakhalire Wolemba: Malangizo 50 ochokera kwa Odziwika Odziwika

George Orwell

ndaleslashletters.live

Wolemba waku Britain komanso wofalitsa nkhani. Mlembi wa 1984 dystopia ndi nkhani ya satirical Animal Farm, yomwe imatsutsa anthu opondereza. Anakhala ndikugwira ntchito m'zaka za XX.

  1. Osagwiritsa ntchito fanizo, kufananitsa, kapena mawu ena omwe mumawawona pamapepala.
  2. Osagwiritsa ntchito liwu lalitali pomwe mutha kuthawa ndi lalifupi.
  3. Ngati mungathe kutaya mawu, nthawi zonse muchotse.
  4. Osagwiritsa ntchito mawu ongolankhula ngati mungagwiritse ntchito.
  5. Osagwiritsa ntchito mawu obwereka, mawu asayansi kapena akatswiri ngati angasinthidwe ndi mawu achilankhulo chatsiku ndi tsiku.
  6. Ndibwino kuswa malamulowa kusiyana ndi kulemba zinazake zankhanza.

Kurt Vonnegut

devorbacudine.eu

Mmodzi mwa olemba otchuka kwambiri aku America azaka zapitazi. Ntchito zambiri za Vonnegut, monga Titan's Sirens ndi Cat's Cradle, zakhala zopeka zankhani zopeka zothandiza anthu.

  1. Gwiritsani ntchito nthawi ya mlendo m'njira yosamva ngati kutaya nthawi.
  2. Perekani owerenga ngwazi imodzi yomwe mukufuna kuti muyike moyo wanu.
  3. Munthu aliyense ayenera kufuna chinachake, ngakhale ndi galasi lamadzi.
  4. Chiganizo chilichonse chiyenera kukhala chimodzi mwa zolinga ziwiri: kuwulula ngwazi kapena kupititsa patsogolo zochitika.
  5. Yambani pafupi ndi mapeto momwe mungathere.
  6. Khalani achisoni. Monga okongola komanso osalakwa monga momwe ma protagonist anu alili, achitireni zoyipa: owerenga ayenera kuwona zomwe adapangidwa.
  7. Lembani kuti musangalatse munthu mmodzi yekha. Mukatsegula zenera ndikupanga, kunena kwake, kukonda dziko lonse lapansi, nkhani yanu idzagwira chibayo.

Michael Moorcock

Wolemba wamasiku ano waku Britain, wotchuka kwambiri ndi mafani amatsenga. Ntchito yayikulu ya Moorcock, kuzungulira kwa ma volume ambiri okhudza Elric wa Melnibone.

  1. Ndinabwereka lamulo langa loyamba kwa Terence Hanbury White, wolemba The Sword in the Stone ndi mabuku ena onena za Mfumu Arthur. Zinali motere: werengani. Werengani zonse zomwe zikubwera. Nthawi zonse ndimalangiza anthu omwe akufuna kulemba zongopeka kapena zopeka za sayansi kapena nkhani zachikondi kuti asiye kuwerenga mitundu iyi ndikuchita china chilichonse, kuyambira John Bunyan mpaka Antonia Bayette.
  2. Pezani wolemba yemwe mumasilira (Konrad anali wanga) ndikukopera nkhani zake ndi otchulidwa m'nkhani yanu. Khalani wojambula yemwe amatsanzira mbuyeyo kuti aphunzire kujambula.
  3. Ngati mukulemba nkhani zoyendetsedwa ndi nkhani, dziwitsani otchulidwa ndi mitu yayikulu mu gawo lachitatu loyamba. Mutha kuyitcha introduction.
  4. Pangani mitu ndi zilembo mu gawo lachiwiri lachitatu, chitukuko cha ntchito.
  5. Malizitsani mitu, kuwulula zinsinsi ndi zina mu gawo lachitatu lomaliza, denouement.
  6. Ngati n'kotheka, tsatirani kudziŵana ndi ngwazi ndi filosofi yawo ndi zochita zosiyanasiyana. Izi zimathandiza kuti pakhale kusamvana kwakukulu.
  7. Karoti ndi Ndodo: Ngwazi ziyenera kutsatiridwa (mwa kutengeka kapena woipa) ndikutsatiridwa (malingaliro, zinthu, umunthu, zinsinsi).

Henry Miller

flavorwire.com

Wolemba waku America wazaka za zana la 20. Anakhala wotchuka chifukwa cha ntchito zonyansa za nthawi yake monga Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn ndi Black Spring.

  1. Gwirani ntchito chinthu chimodzi mpaka mutamaliza.
  2. Musachite mantha. Gwirani ntchito modekha komanso mosangalala, mosasamala kanthu za zomwe mukuchita.
  3. Chitani mogwirizana ndi dongosolo, osati momwe mukumvera. Imani pa nthawi yoikika.
  4. Pamene simungathe kulenga, gwirani ntchito.
  5. Simenti pang'ono tsiku lililonse m'malo mowonjezera feteleza watsopano.
  6. Khalani munthu! Kumanani ndi anthu, pitani kumalo osiyanasiyana, imwani ngati mukufuna.
  7. Osasinthika kukhala kavalo wokokera! Gwirani ntchito mosangalala.
  8. Chokani pa dongosolo ngati mukufuna, koma bwererani ku tsiku lotsatira. Kuyikira Kwambiri. Konkire. Chotsani.
  9. Iwalani za mabuku omwe mukufuna kulemba. Ganizirani zomwe mwalemba zokha.
  10. Lembani mofulumira komanso nthawi zonse. Zojambula, nyimbo, abwenzi, mafilimu, zonsezi pambuyo pa ntchito.

Neil Gaiman

www.paperbackparis.com

M'modzi mwa olemba zopeka za sayansi nthawi yathu ino. Kuchokera pansi pa cholembera chake kunabwera ntchito monga American Gods ndi Stardust. Komabe, si iwo okha amene anajambulidwa.

  1. Lembani.
  2. Onjezani liwu ndi liwu. Pezani mawu oyenera, lembani.
  3. Malizitsani zomwe mukulemba. Kaya mtengo wake ndi wotani, tsatirani zomwe mwayamba.
  4. Ikani zolemba zanu pambali. Awerengeni ngati mukuchita koyamba. Onetsani ntchito yanu kwa anzanu omwe amakonda zofanana ndi zomwe mumalemekeza.
  5. Kumbukirani kuti anthu akamanena kuti chinachake sichili bwino kapena sichikuyenda bwino, nthawi zambiri amakhala olondola. Akamafotokoza chomwe chili cholakwika komanso momwe angachikonzere, nthawi zambiri amakhala olakwa.
  6. Konzani zolakwika. Kumbukirani, muyenera kusiya ntchitoyo isanakhale yangwiro ndikuyamba ina. Kufunafuna kuchita bwino ndiko kutsata chizimezime. Pitilirani.
  7. Seka nthabwala zako.
  8. Lamulo lalikulu lolemba ndi: Ngati mupanga ndi chidaliro chokwanira mwa inu nokha, mutha kuchita chilichonse. Likhozanso kukhala lamulo la moyo wonse. Koma zimagwira ntchito bwino polemba.

Anton Chekhov

moiarussia.ru

Katswiri wa prose wachidule komanso wakale wa mabuku aku Russia omwe safuna mawu oyamba.

  1. Zimaganiziridwa kuti wolembayo, kuwonjezera pa luso lamaganizo wamba, ayenera kukhala ndi chidziwitso kumbuyo kwake. Malipiro apamwamba kwambiri amalandiridwa ndi anthu omwe adutsa pamoto, madzi ndi mapaipi amkuwa, otsika kwambiri, chilengedwe chimakhala chokhazikika komanso chosawonongeka.
  2. Kukhala wolemba sikovuta. Palibe chodabwitsa yemwe sakanadzipezera yekha machesi, ndipo palibe zamkhutu zomwe sizingapeze wowerenga woyenera. Ndipo kotero, musakhale wamanyazi ... Ikani pepala patsogolo panu, tengani cholembera m'manja mwanu ndipo, kukwiyitsa maganizo ogwidwa ukapolo, scribble.
  3. Ndizovuta kwambiri kukhala wolemba yemwe amasindikizidwa ndikuwerengedwa. Pakuti ichi: kukhala mwamtheradi kuwerenga ndi kukhala ndi talente kukula osachepera kambewu ka mphodza. Popanda luso lalikulu, misewu ndi zing'onozing'ono.
  4. Ngati mukufuna kulemba, teroni. Sankhani mutu kaye. Apa mwapatsidwa ufulu wathunthu. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mosasamala komanso mosasamala. Koma, kuti musatsegule ku America kachiwiri komanso kuti musapangenso mfuti, pewani zomwe zatha kale.
  5. Lolani kuti malingaliro anu aziyenda mopenga, gwirani dzanja lanu. Musamulole kuti athamangitse chiwerengero cha mizere. Mukamalemba mwachidule komanso mocheperapo, ndiye kuti mumasindikizidwa pafupipafupi. Brevity sichisokoneza zinthu konse. Zotanuka zotambasulidwa zimafufuta pensulo kuposa yosatambasulidwa.

Zadie Smith

www.reduxpictures.com

Wolemba wamasiku ano waku Britain, wolemba wogulitsa kwambiri wa White Teeth, Autograph Collector, ndi On Beauty.

  1. Ngati ndinu mwana, onetsetsani kuti mukuwerenga kwambiri. Gwiritsani ntchito nthawi yambiri pa izi kuposa china chilichonse.
  2. Ngati ndinu wamkulu, yesani kuwerenga ntchito yanu ngati mlendo. Kapena bwino komabe, mdani wanu angawerenge iwo.
  3. Osakwezera kuyitana kwanu. Mutha kulemba ziganizo zabwino kapena simungathe. Palibe njira ya moyo ngati wolemba. Chofunikira ndizomwe mumasiya patsamba.
  4. Pezani nthawi yopuma kwambiri pakati pa kulemba ndi kusintha.
  5. Lembani pa kompyuta yomwe ilibe intaneti.
  6. Tetezani nthawi yanu yantchito ndi malo. Ngakhale kuchokera kwa anthu ofunika kwambiri kwa inu.
  7. Osasokoneza ulemu ndi kupambana.