Ndikufuna kugulitsa kunja! Mayiko 6 ochita malonda opindulitsa

Ndikufuna kugulitsa kunja! Mayiko 6 ochita malonda opindulitsa

1. China

China, m'modzi mwa ogula kwambiri ku Russia: kuchuluka kwa katundu wotumizidwa kunja kukukulira China / Russian Export Center chaka chilichonse. Mutha kupeza makasitomala anu onse pa intaneti pamisika, ndikukhala, kuwonetsa malonda paziwonetsero. Ndikofunikira kulingalira kuti China imapanga katundu wambiri, komanso imatumiza zinthu kuchokera kumayiko ambiri. Chifukwa chake, choyamba muyenera kusanthula zofunikira ndikumvetsetsa zomwe anthu amderali amakonda.

Chimodzi mwazosankha Mayeso a ziyembekezo za mayiko otumizira kunja / Russian Export Center, zopangidwa ndi agro-industrial complex (agro-industrial complex), makamaka chakudya, mwachitsanzo, confectionery, uchi, ayisikilimu. Zonse zopangidwa kale komanso zopangira zakudya ndizodziwika ku China. Komanso katundu wina yemwe nthawi zambiri amatayidwa ku Russia kapena osayamikiridwa konse, kuphatikiza miyendo ya nkhuku China idagula miyendo ya nkhuku ndi mitu ku Crimea kwa chaka chimodzi kutsogolo / Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

Komanso, malo opangira malonda ndi China amatha kukhala matabwa, mkuwa, feteleza, zida zomangira ndi mankhwala apakhomo.

2. Kazakhstan

Zojambulajambula: Jane Peimer / Shutterstock

Kazakhstan amagula Zomwe ndi kwa omwe Kazakhstan amagula: zinthu 10 zofunidwa kwambiri zakunja / Mtsogoleri ku Russia zakudya, zodzoladzola, matayala ndi matayala, zovala, magalimoto, mankhwala, mipando ndi zina zambiri. Dziko lathu limadziwika kuti ndi ochita nawo malonda apamwamba 10 a Kazakhstan / Inbusiness.kz omwe ndi bwenzi lalikulu la Kazakhstan. Choncho, sizidzakhala zovuta kulowa mumsika ndikupeza wogula wanu.

Kuphatikiza apo, Kazakhstan ndi membala wa bungwe lamilandu la EAEU, kotero zitha kutumizidwa kunja mwachangu komanso zotsika mtengo kuposa kumayiko ena. Mayendedwe a katundu wambiri mkati mwa Union sali ndi msonkho wa kasitomu, ndipo ayenera kukonzedwa Kodi kulengeza za kasitomu kumachitidwa bwanji potumiza kunja kumayiko omwe ali membala wa EAEU? / The Russian Export Center safuna chilengezo cha kasitomu. Pambuyo pa kutumizidwa kwa katundu, padzakhala kofunikira kudzaza ndi kutumiza kwa akuluakulu a kasitomu kokha fomu yolembera ziwerengero. Komabe, katundu wina ayenera kudutsa aukhondo, Chowona Zanyama ndi mitundu ina yowongolera, malamulowa amagwira ntchito nthawi zonse.

3. Belarus

Belarus nayenso ndi membala wa bungwe la Customs la EAEU, kotero mawu operekera katundu kumeneko ndi ofanana ndi ku Kazakhstan. Kufanana kwina kwa mayikowa ndikuti Russia ndiye mnzake wamkulu wamalonda: 50% yazinthu zonse zomwe zimatumizidwa ku Belarus zimachokera ku Russia.

Makampani olemera amapanga maziko a zogulitsa kunja. Koma m'dzikoli, katundu wamagulu ena akufunikanso, makamaka, mankhwala, mipando, ulimi. Mwachitsanzo, mu 2020, kutumizidwa kunja kwa nsomba zowunda, chakudya cha ziweto ndipo, chodabwitsa, mbatata yophika idakula. Kuwonjezeka kwa zinthu zokwana 45% kunawonedwanso ndi polyethylene.

Koma opanga Chibelarusi akugwira ntchito yabwino ndi zodzoladzola zodzikongoletsera ndi chisamaliro cha bajeti. Zodzoladzola za ku Belarus sizilinso zochitika / Busel paokha, kotero muyenera kusankha njira iyi yotumizira kunja, pozindikira zoopsa zonse. Kutumiza zodzoladzola zaku Russia kwakula pafupifupi 50% / RBC: mutha kubetcha pamitundu kapena zigawo zomwe sizikupezeka mdzikolo.

4. Uzbekistan

Chithunzi: monticello / Shutterstock

Tsopano Uzbekistan ili m'gulu la Export to Uzbekistan / Russian Export Center 12th muzinthu zopanda mphamvu zotumizira kunja kwa Russia. Koma ali ndi mwayi wokwera pamwamba. Gulu lalikulu lazinthu zomwe zikufunika ku Uzbekistan ndi zida zamakina, matabwa, zinthu zaulimi ndi zitsulo. Komanso, apa mutha kugulitsa bwino zida zapadera, mwachitsanzo, zida zamankhwala, komanso ntchito monga chitukuko cha mapulogalamu kapena factoring (mtundu wa ngongole yopanda chitetezo, kuphatikizika kwachuma pakati pa wogulitsa ndi wogula, kulola kampani kupeŵa mavuto ndi malipiro ochedwetsedwa).

Uzbekistan si membala wa bungwe la EAEU, koma likuphatikizidwa mu CIS free trade zone. Choncho, palibe msonkho wa msonkho Article 2. Kugwiritsa ntchito msonkho wamtundu ndi malipiro ofanana ndi msonkho wa msonkho / Mgwirizano pa malo amalonda aulere ndi malipiro ofanana a katundu wogulitsidwa kunja, komanso, koma muyenera kulemba chilengezo.

5. USA

USA, mtsogoleri wapadziko lonse lapansi Atsogolere maiko otumiza kunja padziko lonse lapansi mu 2020 / Statista pankhani yazakunja. Mayiko amaitanitsanso katundu wambiri kuchokera ku Russia: tsopano dzikolo ndi USA / Russian Export Center pamalo achisanu ndi chiwiri pakusanja kwa zinthu zopanda mphamvu zopanda mphamvu. Maziko a malonda amapangidwa ndi zitsulo, feteleza ndi zinthu zamatabwa.

Koma mutha kulowanso msika waku America ndi katundu wamagulu ena. Mwachitsanzo, ndi zovala, zipangizo, zinthu zokongoletsera za mapangidwe oyambirira, zikumbutso kapena zodzoladzola zachilengedwe. Pankhaniyi, muyenera kukumbukira kuti pali ogulitsa ambiri mumsika wa US, kotero ndikofunikira kuti musamalire zapadera za mankhwalawa ndi njira yoyenera yogulitsira. Kuphatikiza pazigawo zapadera kapena njira zopangira, mwayi wa katundu wochokera ku Russia udzakhala mtengo wosinthira ma ruble wabwino komanso mtengo wosangalatsa kwa ogula aku America.

6. Germany

Wachitatu padziko lonse lapansi komanso wogulitsa katundu wamkulu ku Europe. Pamndandanda wazogulitsa kunja kwa Russia, Germany / Russian Export Center ili pachitatu, ndipo m'malo otumiza kunja osagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu, yachisanu ndi chinayi. Germany imagula zopangira, zomalizidwa pang'ono, zida zamagalimoto ndi zida kunja.

Mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono ndi apakatikati aku Russia ku Germany amathanso kulimbikitsa malonda awo. Apanso, ndikofunikira kuti akhale apamwamba kwambiri komanso kuti asakhale ochuluka pamsika wamba. Mutha kuziwonetsa m'sitolo yanu yapaintaneti kapena m'misika, mwachitsanzo, Amazon, Etsy kapena Wildberries.

Chakudya ndi njira yabwino yotumizira ku Germany: dzikolo lili ndi diaspora yayikulu yaku Russia. Akhoza kukhala ndi chidwi ndi zakumwa ndi zakudya zomwe amazidziwa kuyambira ali ana zomwe sizili zosavuta kupeza ku Ulaya, pickles, kirimu wowawasa, kvass. Kuti mutumize zakudya ku Germany, muyenera kukhala ndi European Union. Documents m'munda wa Chowona Zanyama mankhwala / Rosselkhoznadzor angapo mankhwala maphunziro ndi kusamala kwambiri njira kusonkhanitsa ndi kudzazidwa zikalata.