Zifukwa 7 zomwe mumakopeka ndi udzudzu

Zifukwa 7 zomwe mumakopeka ndi udzudzu

Mukafunsa kuti ndani chamoyo chowopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi, ndiye kuti, nyama zolusa, shaki, akangaude akupha ndi jellyfish ndi zolengedwa zina zowopsa zidzakumbukira. Koma ngati muyang'ana nkhaniyi kuchokera ku chiwerengero cha ziwerengero, mdani wamkulu wa umunthu adzakhala ... udzudzu.

Nyama yakufa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi / Gates Notes kuchokera ku Bill Gates Foundation akuti matenda omwe amafalira magaziwa amapha anthu 725,000 pachaka. Poyerekeza: pafupifupi padziko lonse lapansi pamakhala kuphana pafupifupi 475,000 pachaka. Ndipo mitundu yonse ya shaki kumeneko simapangitsa kuti chiwerengerocho chifike pa 10. Nthawi zambiri, manambalawa akuwonetseratu kuti ndi ndani amene ali ndi mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo pano.

Kawirikawiri, udzudzu wambiri ndi wamasamba, amamwa timadziti ta zomera. Koma kuti anyamule ndi kuikira mazira, akazi amafunikira chakudya chomanga thupi, ndipo amachipeza m’magazi. Choncho udzudzu ... udzudzu ... ambiri, oimira kugonana kwa udzudzu wachilungamo amapita kukasaka usiku. Ndipo apa pali zinthu zomwe zimawonjezera mwayi wanu wogwidwa nazo.

1. Mumasewera masewera ambiri komanso muli ndi thupi lalikulu

Chithunzi: Sven Mieke / Unsplash

Udzudzu uli ndi njira yopangira fungo ndipo umasaka nyama makamaka ndi fungo. Ma maxillary palps of bloodsuckers ali ndi udzudzu Detect Carbon Dioxide / Funsani Chilengedwe chokhala ndi ma neuron apadera omwe amagwira carbon dioxide, kapena CO2. Ichi ndi chinthu chachikulu chokopa kwa tizilombo.

Malinga ndi Chifukwa chiyani anthu ena ndi maginito a udzudzu / NBCnews yolembedwa ndi Jonathan Day, pulofesa wa sayansi ya zamankhwala ku yunivesite ya Florida, kuchuluka kwa mpweya woipa wopangidwa ndi anthu kumadalira kagayidwe kake. Anthu omwe ali ndi thupi lochita masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso omwe ali ndi minofu yayikulu amatha kugwidwa ndi F. van Breugel. Udzudzu Umagwiritsa Ntchito Masomphenya Pophatikiza Mafuta Onunkhira Ndi Zolinga Zotenthetsera / Udzudzu Wamakono wa Biology.

Kuphatikiza pa CO2, othamanga amatulutsa fungo lamphamvu la lactic acid, makamaka panthawi yolimbitsa thupi, acetone mu mpweya, ndi estradiol, mankhwala owonongeka a estrogen.

Chifukwa chake, anthu akuluakulu omwe ali ndi metabolism yayikulu, othamanga komanso olimba mtima nthawi zonse amakhala ndi mfuti chifukwa chowombera magazi. Kuonjezera apo, anthu akuluakulu ndi osavuta kuti udzudzu uzindikire. Kawirikawiri, okonda mapuloteni ndi okhawo omwe ali ndi mapuloteni abwino.

Yankho.Osasewera masewera. Ndi nthabwala, mutha kuphunzitsa, koma muyenera kusamba bwinobwino pambuyo pake osati kuthamanga m'malo omwe midges imadziunjikira.

2. Mumakonda kuvala zakuda

Chithunzi: Tobias van Schneider / Unsplash

Zovala zakuda zimawoneka zokongola. Anthu ambiri amaganiza choncho. Udzudzu nawonso.

Zoona zake n’zakuti maso a tizilombo amenewa sakhala otsetsereka ngati mmene amanunkhira. Udzudzu umatha F. van Breugel. Udzudzu Umagwiritsa Ntchito Masomphenya Kuti Ugwirizane ndi Mafuta Onunkhira ndi Zolinga Zotenthetsera / Biology Yamakono amawona munthu patali pafupifupi 5 mpaka 15 metres, ngati mukudabwa.

Taneshka Kruger, mkulu wa Institute for Malaria Control ku University of Pretoria, akuti Mukufuna udzudzu ukudutseni? Osavala zovala zakuda / Business Insider kuti amangowona masilhouette akulu m'malo mwa zomwe akufuna. Mitundu yakuda imawonekera kwambiri m'malo awo owonera, kotero kuti tizilombo timawuluka kuti tiwone chomwe chili chachikulu, chakuda komanso chosangalatsa chomwe chikuthwanima pamenepo.

Kuphatikiza apo, odya magazi amakondanso masamba, zofiira, ndi mitundu ina yowoneka bwino, monga momwe adakhazikitsira Edgar JM Pollard. Kuchulukitsa zosonkhanitsira udzudzu kuchokera pazotchinga zotchinga: zovuta zamapangidwe amthupi ndi magwiridwe antchito / Ma Parasite & Vectors Edgar Pollard wa ku Australia Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine.

Mwa njira, mbidzi zasintha mawonekedwe a camouflage, mikwingwirima yakuda ndi yoyera, yomwe imasokoneza ntchentche za tsetse, ntchentche za akavalo ndi tizilombo tina. Ofufuza a ku Japan apeza T. Kojima. Ng'ombe zojambulidwa ndi mikwingwirima ngati mbidzi zimatha kupewa kuluma ntchentche / PLoS One, ng'ombe zojambulidwa motere sizikhala pachiwopsezo cha udzudzu, mwachiwonekere, otaya magazi amakopeka ndi kusindikiza kotere.

Komabe, kuyesa anthu sikunachitike, choncho sizikudziwika kuti kufanana ndi mbidzi kumateteza bwanji kwa anthu oyamwa magazi. Ngati muli ndi sweti yakuda ndi yoyera pamanja, yesani kuvala ndikugawana zotsatira zanu mu ndemanga.

Yankho.Mitundu yofewa. Zoyera, pastel, beige, khaki ndi mithunzi ya azitona zimapangitsa kuti musawonekere kwa udzudzu. Ayi, ndithudi, ngati udzudzu ukuwulukira pafupi, iye angaganizebe kuti ndinu odyedwa. Koma adzakhala ndi chidwi kwambiri ndi anthu ovala zakuda.

3. Mumatuluka thukuta komanso muli ndi malungo

Chithunzi: un ‑ perfekt / Pixabay

Kunena zowona, osati anthu okhawo omwe amasewera masewera ambiri, komanso aliyense amene wawonjezera thukuta amayang'aniridwa ndi udzudzu. Uric acid ndi ammonia mu chizindikiro cha thukuta JI Raji. Udzudzu wa Aedes aegypti Uzindikira Kusasunthika Kwa Acidic Opezeka Kufungo la Anthu Pogwiritsa Ntchito Njira ya IR8a / Biology Yapano Mbalame iyenera kuwuluka kuti ione chomwe chili chokoma.

Zitha kuwoneka ngati kutsitsi kwa deodorant kapena cologne ndikokwanira kuthana ndi fungo la thukuta. Koma, malinga ndi Ichi Ndi Chifukwa Chake Udzudzu Umatsata Anthu Ena Kwambiri Kuposa Ena / Self Dr. Gary Goldenberg, mkulu wa zachipatala ku Dipatimenti ya Dermatology ku Icahn School of Medicine, mafuta onunkhira ena, m'malo mwake, amangokopa anthu omwe amamwa magazi kwambiri. Udzudzu umapeza fungo labwino kwambiri lokopa kwambiri.

Yankho.Kulimbana ndi kuwonjezeka thukuta, kapena hyperhidrosis, chifukwa cha izi muyenera kupangana ndi dermatologist. Komanso, m`pofunika kusamba nthawi zambiri banally.

4. Uli ndi pakati

Chithunzi: Anastasiia Chepinska / Unsplash.

Kafukufuku wina ku Gambia anapeza R. Dobson. Udzudzu amakonda amayi apakati / BNJ, kuti nasties pali kawiri mwachangu chidwi amayi apakati.

Ofufuzawo adaganiza kuti izi zidachitika chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa carbon dioxide yomwe adatulutsa. Kwa amayi apakati, kutentha kwa thupi kumawonjezeka ndi pafupifupi 0,7 ° C. Ndipo zonsezi zinakhudza maonekedwe a udzudzu.

Kawirikawiri, zotsatira za kuyesaku ziyenera kufufuzidwa kawiri, chifukwa ndi maphunziro 72 okha omwe adatenga nawo mbali. Koma pali choonadi apa.

Yankho.Kuyeza mimba sikumapweteka.

5. Muli ndi gulu loyamba la magazi

Chithunzi: National Cancer Institute / Unsplash

Inde, kafukufuku amasonyeza Y. Shirai. Kukonda Kokafika kwa Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) pa Khungu la Munthu Pakati pa ABO Magulu a Magazi, Secretors kapena Nonsecretors, ndi ABH Antigens / Journal of Medical Entomology kuti anthu omwe ali ndi gulu labwino la magazi amakopeka ndi udzudzu kuwirikiza kawiri kuposa omwe ali ndi sekondi imodzi. .. Chachitatu ndi chachinayi pakukula kwa zofunikira za udzudzu zili pafupifupi theka pakati pawo. Khalani ndi izi tsopano.

Yankho.Popeza sizingatheke kusintha gulu la magazi, zonse zomwe zatsala ndikuyanjanitsa.

6. Simumasambitsa mapazi anu

Chithunzi: Huỳnh Tấn Hậu / Unsplash.com

Kuyesera kumodzi NO Verhulst. Kupangidwa kwa Khungu la Munthu mu 2011 Kumakhudza Chidwi ku Udzudzu wa Malaria / PLoS One kunawonetsa kugwirizana kwakukulu pakati pa kuchuluka kwa mabakiteriya omwe amakhala pakhungu ndi chidwi cha udzudzu pamalopo. Anthu ali ndi magulu akuluakulu a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda pamapazi ndi mapazi, kotero kuti magazi akuyang'ana miyendo yanu yopanda kanthu ndi chidwi chachikulu.

Yankho.Sambani mapazi anu. Osawatulutsa pansi pa zofunda.

7. Kodi mumakonda mowa

Chithunzi: Gerrie van der Walt / Unsplash.com

Zofufuza zina zimasonyeza kuti udzudzu umakonda kumwa magazi a anthu oledzera. Mwachitsanzo, m’kafukufuku wina, O. Shirai. Kumwa mowa kumapangitsa kukopa kwa udzudzu / Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, asayansi ochokera ku American Mosquito Control Association adawona kuti anthu omwe amamwa 350 ml ya mowa adakopeka kwambiri ndi anthu otaya magazi. Zotsatira zofananazo zinasonyezedwa ndi T. Lefèvre. Kumwa mowa kumawonjezera kukopa kwa udzudzu wa malungo / PLoS One ndikuyesa kwina kwa akatswiri ochokera ku Burkina Faso.

Mungaganize kuti udzudzu umangofuna kuledzera nawo, koma si choncho. M'magazi omwe amadya mulibe ethanol wokwanira kuti awonetsetse thanzi la tizilombo. Komabe, tizilomboti nthawi zambiri timamwa magazi a anthu oledzera. Zikuoneka kuti akudziwa zinazake zokhudza mowa zomwe ife sitikuzidziwa.

Yankho.Siyani kumwa, makamaka mumpweya wabwino.